Lesson Topics

Regular Verbs: Part I

Notes:

  1. The written lesson is below.
  2. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.

All Spanish verbs are either "regular" or "irregular." In this lesson we will look at three completely regular verbs:

hablar (to speak)
comer (to eat)
vivir (to live)



Notice the last two letters of each verb.

hablar (to speak)
comer (to eat)
vivir (to live)



There are three categories of verbs:

-ar verbs (like hablar)
-er verbs (like comer)
-ir verbs (like vivir)



All three categories are infinitives. You will recall from a previous lesson that infinitives are the base form of the verb, equivalent in English to: to speak, to eat, to live, etc. In Spanish, all infinitives end in -ar, -er, or -ir.

-ar verb
hablar (to speak)

-er verb
comer (to eat)

-ir verb
vivir (to live)



Remember what it means to conjugate a verb:

to speak

I speak
you speak
he speaks
she speaks
we speak
you-all speak
they speak



In this lesson, you will learn to conjugate our model verbs for I, you (formal), we, and you-all (formal).



hablar - to speak

yo hablo
I speak
usted habla
you speak
nosotros/as hablamos
we speak
ustedes hablan
you-all speak


comer - to eat

yo como
I eat
usted come
you eat
nosotros/as comemos
we eat
ustedes comen
you-all eat


vivir - to live

yo vivo
I live
usted vive
you live
nosotros/as vivimos
we live
ustedes viven
you-all live


Look for a pattern in the yo form.

yo hablo
yo como
yo vivo



If the subject is I (yo), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -o.

yo hablo (hablar - ar + o = hablo)
yo como (comer - er + o = como)
yo vivo (vivir - ir + o = vivo)



Look for a pattern in the usted form.

usted habla
usted come
usted vive



If the subject is you formal (usted) drop the ending and add either -a or -e. If the verb is an -ar verb, add -a. If it is an -er or -ir verb, add -e.

usted habla (hablar - ar + a = habla)
usted come (comer - er + e = come)
usted vive (vivir - ir + e = vive)



Look for a pattern in the nosotros/as form.

nosotros/as hablamos
nosotros/as comemos
nosotros/as vivimos



If the subject is we (nosotros/as), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -amos, -emos, or -imos.

Notice that the ending of the infinitive determines which is used: -ar verbs add -amos, -er verbs add -emos, -ir verbs add -imos.

nosotros/as hablamos
(hablar - ar + amos = hablamos)

nosotros/as comemos
(comer - er + emos = comemos)

nosotros/as vivimos
(vivir - ir + imos = vivimos)



Look for a pattern in the ustedes form.

ustedes hablan
ustedes comen
ustedes viven



If the subject is you-all (ustedes), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -an or -en. If the verb is an -ar verb, add -an. If it is an -er or an -ir verb, add -en.

ustedes hablan
(hablar - ar + an = hablan)

ustedes comen
(comer - er + en = comen)

ustedes viven
(vivir - ir + en = viven)



Present tense (indicative) in Spanish means three things.

  1. Yo hablo inglés:

    I speak English.
    I do speak English.
    I am speaking English.

  2. Yo como pan:

    I eat bread.
    I do eat bread.
    I am eating bread.

  3. Yo vivo en Buenos Aires:

    I live in Buenos Aires.
    I do live in Buenos Aires.
    I am living in Buenos Aires.


It is vital that you continue with your collection of verb flashcards. This will be your key to success in mastering the Spanish verbs. Continue by creating 4 additional cards, writing the words in bold on one side and the conjugations on the other side:

Verb Flashcards
Complete List

Present Indicative

I speak
I do speak
I am speaking

hablar (to speak)

hablo
habla
hablamos
hablan

comer (to eat)

como
come
comemos
comen

vivir (to live)

vivo
vive
vivimos
viven

Items of Interest