Lesson Topics

Subjunctive: Part IV

Notes:

  1. The written lesson is below.
  2. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.

In Part I, you learned that the subjunctive mood is used whenever the speaker feels uncertain about the action of the sentence, or when the speaker is expressing a subjective opinion.



In Part II, you learned the basic rules for conjugating regular verbs and stem-changing verbs.

You learned that -ar verbs take the endings:

-e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en

And -er and -ir verbs take the endings:

-a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an



In Part III, you learned how to conjugate verbs in the present subjunctive that change orthographically.



In this lesson, you will learn about verbs that are irregular in the present tense subjunctive. The good news is that we will only examine six irregular verbs. The bad news is that, like all irregular verbs, you just have to memorize them. But wait! More good news! The practice exercises and the verb flashcards will make memorizing them easy.



Here are the six verbs that are irregular in the present subjunctive:

dar - to give


des

demos
deis
den

estar - to be

esté
estés
esté
estemos
estéis
estén

haber - to have (auxiliary verb)

haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayáis
hayan

ir - to go

vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayáis
vayan

saber - to know

sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepáis
sepan

ser - to be

sea
seas
sea
seamos
seáis
sean



Let's add flashcards for the irregular verbs covered in this lesson:

Verb Flashcards
Complete List

Present Subjunctive - dar


des

demos
deis
den

Present Subjunctive - estar

esté
estés
esté
estemos
estéis
estén

Present Subjunctive - haber

haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayáis
hayan

Present Subjunctive - ir

vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayáis
vayan

Present Subjunctive - saber

sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepáis
sepan

Present Subjunctive - ser

sea
seas
sea
seamos
seáis
sean

Items of Interest